This blog is intended to host discussion on knight's fees with their associated manors, as they were in medieval England, and of course the people who inhabited them.


And that may bring forward the manors and/or knight's fee of Watford and those who held them as examples.


The first post, 'The Manors of a Knight's Fee', introduces the fundamentals of landed estates, or manors, and the knight's fees that went with them.  Subsequent posts discuss the subject more widely.

May 26, 2018

George Clerke, the last Lord of Watford, died in 1689 and left a detailed will.  One of the few bequests not of Watford was: ‘And I give unto my Goddaughter Barbara Clarke … the perpetual right of Patronage of the church of Gildsborough in the aforesaid county of North...

May 13, 2018

George Clerke, son of Sir George Clerke, died in Watford in May 1689, the last to hold all of Watford parish, Northamptonshire.  (Well, almost all - certainly the Earl Spencer of the day would have had something to say about that!)  Sir George, before he was knighted,...

April 15, 2018

Some long time ago when I first heard the word 'inquisition', the context was the 'Spanish Inquisition'.  These inquisitions took place in Spain during three hundred years beginning in the late 15th century.  As a result, after inquisitions sometimes involving torture,...

March 20, 2018

When a soon-to-be wife brought significant estate (eg a manor and lands) with her to a marriage, medieval custom provided that the husband held the wife’s possessions.  For the most part, the husband, in turn, used the estate for the benefit and upkeep of both himself...

March 18, 2018

In medieval England, landed estates were sometimes passed on by deed to a successor with the tag 'intail' (also 'in tail', 'entail').  This was done to prevent the heir giving or selling the estate to any individual other than the person(s) specified, often the next li...

March 15, 2018

The gift of lands and / or a manor to an individual technically lasted 'forever'.  'Technically', because the 'gift' was conditional upon the continued performance by the grantee of the service specified.  When the person died his lands passed to his heir according to...

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July 29, 2018

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© September 2019 by Murray Johnston.